Bleeding from the mouth
In cases of bleeding from the mouth emergencies, the first step is to try and stop the blood flow. It’s important to sit up and hold your chin down so that the blood will stream out as opposed to swallowing it which can cause nausea and vomiting. Then, press firmly on the wound with a clean cloth or towel. Do not try to clean out the wound because you may cause more damage- if there is something in the wound just put the pressure around it. Continue to apply pressure for at least 15 minutes or until you see that the bleeding from the mouth has decreased. If the cloth soaks through apply another cloth over the wet one. Use a bigger or smaller cloth or piece of gauze depending on the site of the bleeding. Try separating the wound from the rest of the mouth.
Instructions for bleeding after tooth extractions
Bleeding from the mouth can also be caused by a tooth extraction. In which case follow these instructions:
- Immediately after the extraction apply pressure to the area with sterile gauze.
- Avoid rinsing and spitting- if there is a small amount of bleeding from the mouth just swallow it.
- Following the extraction eat mainly cold and soft foods to avoid pain from the area.
- Do not exercise or do any physical activities on the day of the extraction.
- Avoid smoking.
Remember- not every bleeding from the mouth is a bleeding emergency. Bleeding can happen for different reasons such as gum inflammation, in which case the solution is to start brushing your teeth more carefully and using floss. You should also visit an oral hygienist.
In any case of continuous bleeding from the mouth that does not decease after applying pressure, or bleeding that the source is unknown, contact your dentist immediately.